The relevance of paradigms to computer hacking is a very under reported topic.
Most people assume that the key to "brilliant" hacking is knowledge or mastery of some aspect of computer science. Actually the best hackers do not work at all within the architecture of computing.
A computer is a very small system. Even the most complex computer is notable not for what it can do, but for its limitations. A person who learns every aspect of a computer or network has, more than anything, learned and accepted a series of limitations. They have acquired an inaccurate set of rules, or boundaries. A faulty paradigm.
What prevents people from knowing which limits are real and which are not?
As in any area that involves creativity, it all boils down to how much a person is in artificial groups. To the extent that a person is part of a group they will not perceive the limitations of paradigms that are used within that group.
If you were to collect the top five experts in the world, in any field, and have them collude on a project, the quality of their paradigms would decay immediately. They would not know it, that is part of the nature of the phenomenon, and others would not know it, since they were recently the world's top five experts.
More good news from Orwell.
(to be continued)