Character archetypes vs Jungian archetypes.
Character archetypes personify qualities that are in every person. They take an aspect of every person's personality and describe it as a character. A hero, a villain, a magician, a king or queen, etc are all characters that we understand to the extent that the character already exists in us as an archetype, a pre-existing form in our mind.
Jungian archetypes are similar to character archetypes except they focus more directly on psychology. Everyone has a shadow, an anima or animus, a self, etc, just as everyone has a hero, a villain, a magician etc within their psychological makeup. But the shadow, anima, animus, etc are best seen as abstractions. When you try to personify these Jungian archetypes, for example by saying a specific being or thing "is" your shadow you are reducing it to a character archetype.
Below are articles about specific archetypes as well as archetype lists from other sites.
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Hunting is a symbolic search for something needed, but "unknown".
Since the dawn of human history animals have been the most potent symbols for the hidden aspects of a person. So it often works out that (psychologically) the hunter is in search of an animal that offers some quality that the hunter lacks.
Among primitive people the power of an animal is consciously assimilated by killing the animal and eating it, thus hunting is often associated with killing.
The difference between hunting and stalking is important. If you know what you are pursuing, then you are stalking, not hunting. Hunting provides the psyche with some new, formerly unknown element. Stalking is an attempt to recreate some past successful hunt. Stalking isn't necessarily bad, but it is not hunting.
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The wise elder
People progress through life in a series of steps. A "wise elder" (wise old woman or wise old man) is a person who has gone along the psychological path and is recognizable to you as a symbol of some future step in your life.
Wisdom does not correlate exactly with physical qualities, for example, physical "white hair and wrinkles" are not the same as the word "wisdom". Nature gives a person white hair and wrinkles, while society gives a person labels (e.g. "wisdom"). So if you are trying to decide whether to respect "white hair and wrinkles" (from nature) or labels (like "wise), usually you will do better trusting nature (i.e., the white hair and wrinkles).
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The same archetypes exist in every person.
Carl Jung described abstract archetypes that exist in every single human being. He would not have described an archetypal taxi driver or an archetypal shoe salesman because those specific characters do not exist in the mind of every person.
Still, there is something at the core of taxi driving or shoe selling that is archetypal. In order to try to figure out how taxi driving or shoe selling might be accurately translated into a culture where taxis and shoes don't exist, you have to explore the concepts a bit.
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A monument to ambition will never really touch the sky.
When a business offers a product, they often suggest it is a step closer to some (vague) perfection. Very rarely does a businessperson say "Buy our oatmeal. It's oatmeal." Rather they say "Our oatmeal is special and better than regular oatmeal".
After buying the above oatmeal a person might go to a pharmacy. The pharmacist says "What is it you want?". And the oatmeal customer says "Well I would like some splendorous remedy that soothes my stomach as it nourishes and balances my system and detoxifies my innards".
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Temenos is psychological space.
Any recipe has several types of needs. Ingredients, temperature, time etc. For the mind Temenos, or healthy space, is one ingredient that is necessary for every process.
If a person has everything they need, but lack a healthy internal space, they will become a cog of society, lacking an individual soul. They may function perfectly and seem very content but they only exist to the extent that they are a "part" of something shared.
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